Program or project evaluations can help provide information for good planning and priority setting.

  • Needs and capacities assessments

  • Situation analyses or evaluability assessments

  • Evaluation frameworks – theory of change, logic models, indicators

  • Process and formative evaluations

  • Outcome, summative and impact evaluations

  • Data collection and analysis (quantitative and qualitative)

  • Specific evaluation approaches: Utilization-focused, Collective Impact, Principles-focused, Developmental


An evaluation strives to understand how a program operates and/or what difference it makes to the people it serves by:

  • Asking questions about the program or project that are important to program stakeholders.

  • Carefully planning a credible approach to answer the questions using social science research methods.

  • Systematically collecting mixed methods data (different types of information).

  • Analyzing the data.

  • Interpreting and sharing the results with stakeholders.

An evaluation is not a staff performance appraisal, judgement about anyone’s merit or worth or a satisfaction survey.